• brahmasutra 1.1.1
  • brahmasutra 1.1.2
The Ultimate Quest For Knowledge…
  
  
  
MENU
Categories
POST CALENDAR
January 2020
M T W T F S S
« Dec    
 12345
6789101112
13141516171819
20212223242526
2728293031  
Random Posts
meditation

                           

THE
HOLY QUR’AN

 

    
The Qur’an
(Khoran)
admittedly occupies an important position among the
great religious books of the world. Though the youngest of the
epoch-making works belonging to this class of literature, it yields to
hardly any in the wonderful effect which it has produced on large masses
of men. It has created an all but new phase of human thought and a fresh
type of character. It first transformed a number of heterogeneous desert
tribes of the Arabian peninsula into a nation of heroes, and then
proceeded to create the vast politico-religious organizations of the
Muhammadean world which are one of the great
forces with which Europe and the East have to reckon to-day.

 The
secret of power exercised by the book, of course, lay in the mind which
produced it. It was, in fact, at first not a book, but a strong living
voice, a kind of wild authoritative proclamation, a series of
admonitions, promises, threats, and instructions addressed to turbulent
and largely hostile assemblies of untutored Arabs. As a book it was
published after the prophet’s death. In Muhammad’s life-time there were
only disjointed notes, speeches, and the retentive memories of those who
listened to them. To speak of the Koran is, therefore, practically the
same as speaking of Muhammad, and in trying to appraise the religious
value of the book one is at the same time attempting to form an opinion
of the prophet himself. It would indeed be difficult to find another
case in which there is such a complete identity between the literary
work and the mind of the man who produced it.

 On
the question of originality there can hardly be two opinions now that
the Koran has been thoroughly compared with the Christian and Jewish
traditions of the time; and it is, besides some original Arabian
legends, to those only that the book stands in any close relationship.
The matter is for the most part borrowed, but the manner is all the
prophet’s own. This is emphatically a case in which originality consists
not so much in the creation of new materials of thought as in the manner
in which existing traditions of various kinds are utilized and freshly
blended to suit the special exigencies of the occasion. Biblical
reminiscences, Rabbinic legends, Christian traditions mostly drawn from
distorted apocryphal sources, and native heathen stories, all first pass
through the prophet’s fervid mind, and thence issue in strange new
forms, tinged with poetry and enthusiasm, and well adapted to enforce
his own view of life and duty, to serve as an encouragement to his
faithful adherents, and to strike terror into the hearts of his
opponents.

 There
is, however, apart from its religious value, a more general view from
which the book should be considered. The Koran enjoys the distinction of
having been the starting-point of a new literary and philosophical
movement which has powerfully affected the finest and most cultivated
minds among both Jews and Christians in the Middle Ages. This general
progress of the Muhammadean world has somehow
been arrested, but research has shown that what European scholars knew
of Greek philosophy, of mathematics, astronomy, and like sciences, for
several centuries before the Renaissance, was, roughly speaking, all
derived from Latin treatises ultimately based on Arabic originals; and
it was the Koran which, though indirectly, gave the first impetus to
these studies among the Arabs and their allies. Linguistic
investigations, poetry, and other branches of literature, also made
their appearance soon after or simultaneously with the publication of
the Koran; and the literary movement thus initiated has resulted in some
of the finest products of genius and learning.

 


 History

The scattered fragments of the Koran
were in the first instance collected by his immediate successor Abu Bekr,
about a year after the Prophet’s death, at the suggestion of Omar, who
foresaw that, as the Muslim warriors, whose memories were the sole
depositaries of large portions of the revelations, died off or were
slain, as had been the case with many in the battle of Yemƒma, A.H. 12,
the loss of the greater part, or even of the whole, was imminent. Zaid
Ibn Thƒbit, a native of Medina, and one of the Ansars, or helpers, who
had been Muhammad’s amanuensis, was the person fixed upon to carry out
the task, and we are told that he “gathered together” the fragments of
the Koran from every quarter, “from date leaves and tablets of white
stone, and from the breasts of men.” The copy thus formed by Zaid
probably remained in the possession of Abu Bekr during the remainder of
his brief caliphate, who committed it to the custody of Haphsa, one of
Muhammad’s widows, and this text continued during the ten years of
Omar’s caliphate to be the standard.

 In the copies made from it,
various readings naturally and necessarily sprung up; and these, under
the caliphate of Othman, led to such serious disputes between the
faithful, that it became necessary to interpose, and in accordance with
the warning of Hodzeifa, “to stop the people, before they should differ
regarding their scriptures, as did the Jews and Christians.” In
accordance with this advice, Othman determined to establish a text which
should be the sole standard, and entrusted the redaction to the Zaid
already mentioned, with whom he associated as colleagues, three,
according to others, twelve of the Koreisch, in order to secure the
purity of that Meccan idiom in which Muhammad had spoken, should any
occasions arise in which the collators might have to decide upon various
readings. Copies of the text formed were thus forwarded to several of
the chief military stations in the new empire, and all previously
existing copies were committed to the flames.

Zaid and his coadjutors, however, do
not appear to have arranged the materials which came into their hands
upon any system more definite than that of placing the longest and best
known Suras first, immediately after the Fatthah, or opening chapter
(the eighth in this edition); although even this rule, artless and
unscientific as it is, has not been adhered to with strictness. Anything
approaching to a chronological arrangement was entirely lost sight of.
Late Medina Suras are often placed before early Meccan Suras; the short
Suras at the end of the Koran are its earliest portions; while, as will
be seen from the notes, verses of Meccan origin are to be found embedded
in Medina Suras, and verses promulgated at Medina scattered up and down in
the Meccan Suras.

 It would seem as if Zaid had to
a great extent put his materials together just as they came to hand, and
often with entire disregard to continuity of subject and uniformity of
style. The text, therefore, as hitherto arranged, necessarily assumes
the form of a most unreadable and incongruous patchwork; “une
assemblage,” says M. Kasimirski in his Preface, “informe et incoh’rent
de pr’ceptes moraux, religieux, civils et politiques, mˆl’s
d’exhortations, de promesses, et de menaces” and conveys no idea
whatever of the development and growth of any plan in the mind of the
founder of Islam, or of the circumstances by which he was surrounded and
influenced.

 It is true that the manner in
which Zaid contented himself with simply bringing together his materials
and transcribing them, without any attempt to mould them into shape or
sequence, and without any effort to supply connecting links between
adjacent verses, to fill up obvious chasms, or to suppress details of a
nature discreditable to the founder of Islam, proves his scrupulous
honesty as a compiler, as well as his reverence for the sacred text, and
to a certain extent guarantees the genuineness and authenticity of the
entire volume.  But it is deeply to be regretted that he did not combine
some measure of historical criticism with that simplicity and honesty of
purpose which forbade him, as it certainly did, in any way to tamper
with the sacred text, to suppress contradictory, and exclude or soften
down inaccurate, statements.

 

 

 

 


Comments &
Translation By Project GuttenBerg
Foundation

Incoming search terms:

finding-joseph-i-the-hr-from-bad-brains-documentary.jpg Finding Joseph I: The HR From Bad Brains Documentary
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
"Finding Joseph I" is a documentary film that chronicles the true story behind Bad Brains lead singer Paul "HR" Hudson's life, career and struggles with never before seen archival footage, photography and exclusive interviews. source
hashar-a-love-story.jpg Hashar A Love Story
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
"Hashar" is the story of today's young generation who without true feelings of love, get together and later due to misunderstandings their life becomes tumultuous. Set in university campus it highlights the fact that when supported by politicians for their own benefits, student politics can take an ugly turn and… ∞
john-mayer-any-given-thursday.jpg John Mayer: Any Given Thursday
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
John Mayer’s appealing pop songcraft and killer guitar abilities are on full display in Any Given Thursday, his first concert video. Recorded in 2002, Mayer tackles the hits from his full-length debut Room For Squares plus some exciting surprises. source
ordinary-people.jpg Ordinary People
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , ,
An extraordinary motion picture, Ordinary People is an intense examination of a family being torn apart by tension and tragedy. Donald Sutherland and Mary Tyler Moore star as the upper-middle-class couple whose "ordinary" existence is irrevocably shattered by the death of their oldest son in a boating accident. Timothy Hutton… ∞
the-death-life-of-john-f-donovan.jpg The Death & Life of John F. Donovan
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
A decade after the death of an American TV star, a young actor reminisces the written correspondence he once shared with the former, as well as the impact those letters had on both their lives. source
moms-got-a-date-with-a-vampire.jpg Mom's Got A Date With A Vampire
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
The Hansen kids are in a jam. Adam and his best friend Duffy have gotten their hands on some tickets for the Headless Horseman concert, and his sister Chelsea has a date with her dreamy boyfriend Peter. The only problem is they're both grounded. Chelsea and Adam will do whatever… ∞
the-beautiful-aquarium-tranquil-world-relaxation-with-music-nature.jpg The Beautiful Aquarium: Tranquil World – Relaxation with Music & Nature
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
Throughout time, people have migrated to the water in search of peace, relaxation, and tranquility. Perhaps this is why so many people find aquariums so mesmerizing and serene. The Beautiful Aquarium is designed for people who want to relax. It is great to watch or just leave on as a… ∞
bringing-tibet-home.jpg Bringing Tibet Home
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
When a Tibetan refugee dies from a terminal illness, his last wish to set foot on his native soil remains unfulfilled... until his son, Tenzing Rigdol, a New York-based artist, embarks on an unthinkable journey to reunite Tibetans in exile with their land through an art project. source
Thumbnail Meet Your Spirit Guide ~Guided Meditation With BDevine
in Entertainment, meditation, spirit, Stress, Uncategorized
as , , , , , , ,
This is a guided meditation,to connect with ONE of your spirit guides. It may not work for you, if you are fearful, unfocussed,stressed,tired, or perhaps hav... http://www.youtube.com/v/EHGSbuDk2qE?version=3&f=videos&app=youtube_gdata Excerpt from: Meet Your Spirit Guide ~Guided Meditation With BDevine
tortilla-flat.jpg Tortilla Flat
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
Pilon, Danny, the Pirate -- paisanos all -- live a free-spirited life near seaside Monterey. Then Danny becomes a man of property, the heir to two modest houses and a watch from his grandfather. Too bad that inheritance isn't something worthwhile, like wine or money. But a gorgeous, newly arrived… ∞
grand-masti.jpg Grand Masti
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
The Masti boys are back! At their college reunion they just want to have a good time, but they just can't seem to stay out of trouble. source
Thumbnail Meditation for anxiety and stress relief
in Consciousness, free, Full, meditation, People & Blogs, relaxation, Stress, video, yoga
as , , , , , , , , , , ,
Free online guided meditation (for anxiety and stress relief) Introduction video:- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IKHSvIUlsrw To learn the Full kriya yoga me... http://www.youtube.com/v/FTqGU31H2P8?version=3&f=videos&app=youtube_gdata View post: Meditation for anxiety and stress relief
tai-chi-hero.jpg Tai Chi Hero
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
Lu Chan (Jayden Yuan) is on the verge of acceptance in Chen Village, but the cozy hamlet still stands in the shadow of danger. A prodigal brother returns, Lu Chan brings a curse on the town, and Yuniang's scorned fiancée has an appetite for revenge, as well as some new… ∞
monkey-king-hero-is-back.jpg Monkey King: Hero Is Back
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
The all-powerful Monkey King was imprisoned by the Gods for 500 years, but when a child releases him from his curse, the Monkey King must now save an innocent village from the evil Mountain Lord and his monstrous army. source
morgan-wootten-the-godfather-of-basketball.jpg Morgan Wootten: The Godfather of Basketball
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
Morgan Wootten was possibly the greatest basketball coach ever. In this wide-ranging documentary, top coaches, players, and sports journalists - Coach K, Roy Williams, Mike Brey, James Brown, and others - tell the story of DeMatha High School and its legendary coach who shaped the game of basketball and changed… ∞
10-questions-for-the-dalai-lama.jpg 10 Questions for the Dalai Lama
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , ,
How do you reconcile a commitment to non-violence when faced with violence? Why do the poor often seem happier than the rich? Must a society lose its traditions in order to move into the future? These are some of the questions posed to His Holiness the Dalai Lama by filmmaker… ∞
american-pie-2.jpg American Pie 2
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
A year after their prom-night misadventures, the original gang reunites for a hot summer they'll never forget at an innocent-looking beach house that becomes the ultimate party central. source
the-color-of-money.jpg The Color of Money
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , , ,
Academy Award(R)-winner Paul Newman and Academy Award(R)-nominee Tom Cruise ignite the screen in this powerful drama. Brilliantly directed by Martin Scorsese, Newman re-creates one of his most memorable roles from THE HUSTLER. As Fast Eddie Felson, he still believes that "money won is twice as sweet as money earned." To… ∞
nuts.jpg Nuts
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
Barbara Streisand portrays a strong-willed, high-priced call girl who accused of manslaughter launches a fierce battle to prove her mental competence with the help of her appointed attorney. source
road-to-peace.jpg Road to Peace
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , , , , , ,
In a world dominated by violence, how can we create peace in our lives? This award-winning film goes on an extraordinary journey with the Dalai Lama, demonstrating how any one of us can create change and transform the world in which we live source
tortilla-flat.jpg Tortilla Flat
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
Pilon, Danny, the Pirate -- paisanos all -- live a free-spirited life near seaside Monterey. Then Danny becomes a man of property, the heir to two modest houses and a watch from his grandfather. Too bad that inheritance isn't something worthwhile, like wine or money. But a gorgeous, newly arrived… ∞
grand-masti.jpg Grand Masti
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
The Masti boys are back! At their college reunion they just want to have a good time, but they just can't seem to stay out of trouble. source
Thumbnail Meditation for anxiety and stress relief
in Consciousness, free, Full, meditation, People & Blogs, relaxation, Stress, video, yoga
as , , , , , , , , , , ,
Free online guided meditation (for anxiety and stress relief) Introduction video:- http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IKHSvIUlsrw To learn the Full kriya yoga me... http://www.youtube.com/v/FTqGU31H2P8?version=3&f=videos&app=youtube_gdata View post: Meditation for anxiety and stress relief
tai-chi-hero.jpg Tai Chi Hero
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
Lu Chan (Jayden Yuan) is on the verge of acceptance in Chen Village, but the cozy hamlet still stands in the shadow of danger. A prodigal brother returns, Lu Chan brings a curse on the town, and Yuniang's scorned fiancée has an appetite for revenge, as well as some new… ∞
monkey-king-hero-is-back.jpg Monkey King: Hero Is Back
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
The all-powerful Monkey King was imprisoned by the Gods for 500 years, but when a child releases him from his curse, the Monkey King must now save an innocent village from the evil Mountain Lord and his monstrous army. source
morgan-wootten-the-godfather-of-basketball.jpg Morgan Wootten: The Godfather of Basketball
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
Morgan Wootten was possibly the greatest basketball coach ever. In this wide-ranging documentary, top coaches, players, and sports journalists - Coach K, Roy Williams, Mike Brey, James Brown, and others - tell the story of DeMatha High School and its legendary coach who shaped the game of basketball and changed… ∞
Thumbnail 3 hours of Deep Sleep Frequency-Relaxing Music–Meditation Music
in Consciousness, Entertainment, sleep, spiritual, wake
as , , , , , ,
https://itunes.apple.com/us/album/deep-sleep-frequency/id801370911?uo=4&at=11lohF Have the best sleep ever and wake up feeling awesome!! .Imagine how beautif... http://www.youtube.com/v/g9xClTReb7I?version=3&f=videos&app=youtube_gdata More here: 3 hours of Deep Sleep Frequency-Relaxing Music--Meditation Music
10-questions-for-the-dalai-lama.jpg 10 Questions for the Dalai Lama
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , ,
How do you reconcile a commitment to non-violence when faced with violence? Why do the poor often seem happier than the rich? Must a society lose its traditions in order to move into the future? These are some of the questions posed to His Holiness the Dalai Lama by filmmaker… ∞
american-pie-2.jpg American Pie 2
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
A year after their prom-night misadventures, the original gang reunites for a hot summer they'll never forget at an innocent-looking beach house that becomes the ultimate party central. source
Thumbnail Relaxation music 12 hours – Vol 3 – For Yoga, Meditation, Reading, Sleeping, Ambience
in Consciousness, Music, video
as , , , , , , ,
The first 2 hours is new content, but the next 10 hours is a compilation of earlier "shorter" videos. I'm amazed at how people enjoy the very long version so... http://www.youtube.com/v/ebhoaxFyDuM?version=3&f=videos&app=youtube_gdata Follow this link: Relaxation music 12 hours - Vol 3 - For Yoga, Meditation, Reading, Sleeping, Ambience
the-color-of-money.jpg The Color of Money
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , , ,
Academy Award(R)-winner Paul Newman and Academy Award(R)-nominee Tom Cruise ignite the screen in this powerful drama. Brilliantly directed by Martin Scorsese, Newman re-creates one of his most memorable roles from THE HUSTLER. As Fast Eddie Felson, he still believes that "money won is twice as sweet as money earned." To… ∞
nuts.jpg Nuts
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
Barbara Streisand portrays a strong-willed, high-priced call girl who accused of manslaughter launches a fierce battle to prove her mental competence with the help of her appointed attorney. source
road-to-peace.jpg Road to Peace
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , , , , , ,
In a world dominated by violence, how can we create peace in our lives? This award-winning film goes on an extraordinary journey with the Dalai Lama, demonstrating how any one of us can create change and transform the world in which we live source
beethovens-4th.jpg Beethoven’s 4th
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
When Beethoven's lack of manners gets to be too much, the kids enroll him in obedience school. In a twist of the tale of the Prince and the Paw-per, Beethoven is mixed up with another dog! source
little-bear-the-removed-water-of-the-fish-bowl-full-episode-43-cartoon-for-kids-english.jpg LITTLE BEAR | The Removed Water of the Fish Bowl | Full Episode 43 | Cartoon For Kids | English
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , , , , , , , ,
The Little Bear, cartoon for children | Have you the skill to get yourself out of any bind, the ability to come up with the most unexpected solutions? Well, this clever little bear certainly has the knack of it! This fellow can put together an alarm from scratch and even… ∞
american-jedi.jpg American Jedi
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
From the Director of BRONIES: The Extremely Unexpected Adult Fans of My Little Pony comes Laurent Malaquais' next documentary on extreme fandom, AMERICAN JEDI. In 2001, Jediism, the spiritual mythology of Star Wars, was recognized as an official religion in countries around the world. AMERICAN JEDI follows a group of… ∞
lucid.jpg Lucid
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
Monica has been waking from dreams in which she commits violent acts toward her boyfriend, Kevin, who has recently moved in. Through the advice of friends she tries to get into see a famous but controversial sleep therapist known as The Sandman. She is denied treatment at first, but her… ∞
Thumbnail Zen Garden – Serenity, Relaxation and Meditation
in ESP, meditation, Music, relaxation, space, Travel & Events, Uncategorized, Zen
as , , , ,
Zen Garden - Serenity, Relaxation and Meditation Relax and enjoy 50 minutes of pure blissful Serenity. http://www.youtube.com/v/USPxUtrhG14?version=3&f=videos&app=youtube_gdata See the rest here: Zen Garden - Serenity, Relaxation and Meditation
ink.jpg Ink
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
IT'S A WONDERFUL LIFE meets SIN CITY in this high-concept visual thriller. John and Emma, father and daughter, are thrust into a fantastical dream-world battle between forces of good and evil in this allegorical tale of love, loss and the search for redemption. source