THE GENESIS LINK
Below is given the first part of The Genesis and then sumerian version of the creation of man.
I hope it wouldn’t be diffcult for you to compare and deduce a theory for yourself.
The Old Testament of the King James Version of Bible
The First Book of Moses: Called Genesis
1:1 In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth.
1:2 And the earth was without form, and void; and darkness
was upon the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God moved upon the face
of the waters.
1:3 And God said, Let there be light: and there was light.
1:4 And God saw the light, that it was good: and God divided
the light from the darkness.
1:5 And God called the light Day, and the darkness he called
Night. And the evening and the morning were the first day.
1:6 And God said, Let there be a firmament in the midst of
the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.
1:7 And God made the firmament, and divided the waters which
were under the firmament from the waters which were above the firmament:
and it was so.
1:8 And God called the firmament Heaven. And the evening and
the morning were the second day.
1:9 And God said, Let the waters under the heaven be gathered
together unto one place, and let the dry land appear: and it was so.
1:10 And God called the dry land Earth; and the gathering
together of the waters called he Seas: and God saw that it was good.
1:11 And God said, Let the earth bring forth grass, the herb
yielding seed, and the fruit tree yielding fruit after his kind, whose
seed is in itself, upon the earth: and it was so.
1:12 And the earth brought forth grass, and herb yielding
seed after his kind, and the tree yielding fruit, whose seed was in
itself, after his kind: and God saw that it was good.
1:13 And the evening and the morning were the third day.
1:14 And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of
the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs,
and for seasons, and for days, and years: 1:15 And let them be for
lights in the firmament of the heaven to give light upon the earth: and
it was so.
1:16 And God made two great lights; the greater light to rule
the day, and the lesser light to rule the night: he made the stars
1:17 And God set them in the firmament of the heaven to give
light upon the earth, 1:18 And to rule over the day and over the night,
and to divide the light from the darkness: and God saw that it was
1:19 And the evening and the morning were the fourth day.
1:20 And God said, Let the waters bring forth abundantly the
moving creature that hath life, and fowl that may fly above the earth in
the open firmament of heaven.
1:21 And God created great whales, and every living creature
that moveth, which the waters brought forth abundantly, after their
kind, and every winged fowl after his kind: and God saw that it was
1:22 And God blessed them, saying, Be fruitful, and multiply,
and fill the waters in the seas, and let fowl multiply in the earth.
1:23 And the evening and the morning were the fifth day.
1:24 And God said, Let the earth bring forth the living
creature after his kind, cattle, and creeping thing, and beast of the
earth after his kind: and it was so.
1:25 And God made the beast of the earth after his kind, and
cattle after their kind, and every thing that creepeth upon the earth
after his kind: and God saw that it was good.
1:26 And God said, Let us make man
in our image, after our likeness: and let them have dominion
over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and over the
cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that
creepeth upon the earth.
1:27 So God created man in his own image, in the image of God
created he him; male and female created he them.
1:28 And God blessed them, and God said unto them, Be
fruitful, and multiply, and replenish the earth, and subdue it: and have
dominion over the fish of the sea, and over the fowl of the air, and
over every living thing that moveth upon the earth.
1:29 And God said, Behold, I have given you every herb
bearing seed, which is upon the face of all the earth, and every tree,
in the which is the fruit of a tree yielding seed; to you it shall be
1:30 And to every beast of the earth, and to every fowl of
the air, and to every thing that creepeth upon the earth, wherein there
is life, I have given every green herb for meat: and it was so.
1:31 And God saw every thing that he had made, and, behold,
it was very good. And the evening and the morning were the sixth day.
2:1 Thus the heavens and the earth were finished, and all the
host of them.
2:2 And on the seventh day God ended his work which he had
made; and he rested on the seventh day from all his work which he had
2:3 And God blessed the seventh day, and sanctified it:
because that in it he had rested from all his work which God created and
2:4 These are the generations of the heavens and of the earth
when they were created, in the day that the LORD God made the earth and
the heavens, 2:5 And every plant of the field before it was in the
earth, and every herb of the field before it grew: for the LORD God had
not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was not a man to till
2:6 But there went up a mist from the earth, and watered the
whole face of the ground.
2:7 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground,
and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a
2:8 And the LORD God planted a garden eastward in Eden; and
there he put the man whom he had formed.
2:9 And out of the ground made the LORD God to grow every
tree that is pleasant to the sight, and good for food; the tree of life
also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of knowledge of good and
2:10 And a river went out of Eden to water the garden; and
from thence it was parted, and became into four heads.
2:11 The name of the first is Pison: that is it which
compasseth the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold; 2:12 And the
gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone.
2:13 And the name of the second river is Gihon: the same is
it that compasseth the whole land of Ethiopia.
2:14 And the name of the third river is Hiddekel: that is it
which goeth toward the east of Assyria. And the fourth river is
2:15 And the LORD God took the man, and put him into the
garden of Eden to dress it and to keep it.
2:16 And the LORD God commanded the man, saying, Of every
tree of the garden thou mayest freely eat: 2:17 But of the tree of the
knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day
that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die.
2:18 And the LORD God said, It is not good that the man
should be alone; I will make him an help meet for him.
2:19 And out of the ground the LORD God formed every beast of
the field, and every fowl of the air; and brought them unto Adam to see
what he would call them: and whatsoever Adam called every living
creature, that was the name thereof.
2:20 And Adam gave names to all cattle, and to the fowl of
the air, and to every beast of the field; but for Adam there was not
found an help meet for him.
2:21 And the LORD God caused a deep sleep to fall upon Adam,
and he slept: and he took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh
2:22 And the rib, which the LORD God had taken from man, made
he a woman, and brought her unto the man.
2:23 And Adam said, This is now bone of my bones, and flesh
of my flesh: she shall be called Woman, because she was taken out of
2:24 Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother,
and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh.
2:25 And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were
3:1 Now the serpent was more subtle than any beast of the
field which the LORD God had made. And he said unto the woman, Yea, hath
God said, Ye shall not eat of every tree of the garden?
3:2 And the woman said unto the serpent, We may eat of the
fruit of the trees of the garden:
3:3 But of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the
garden, God hath said, Ye shall not eat of it, neither shall ye touch
it, lest ye die.
3:4 And the serpent said unto the woman, Ye shall not surely
3:5 For God doth know that in the day ye eat thereof, then
your eyes shall be opened, and ye shall be as gods, knowing good and
3:6 And when the woman saw that the tree was good for food,
and that it was pleasant to the eyes, and a tree to be desired to make
one wise, she took of the fruit thereof, and did eat, and gave also unto
her husband with her; and he did eat.
3:7 And the eyes of them both were opened, and they knew that
they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together, and made themselves
3:8 And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the
garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from
the presence of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden.
3:9 And the LORD God called unto Adam, and said unto him,
Where art thou?
3:10 And he said, I heard thy voice in the garden, and I was
afraid, because I was naked; and I hid myself.
3:11 And he said, Who told thee that thou wast naked? Hast
thou eaten of the tree, whereof I commanded thee that thou shouldest not
3:12 And the man said, The woman whom thou gavest to be with
me, she gave me of the tree, and I did eat.
3:13 And the LORD God said unto the woman, What is this that
thou hast done? And the woman said, The serpent beguiled me, and I did
3:14 And the LORD God said unto the serpent, Because thou
hast done this, thou art cursed above all cattle, and above every beast
of the field; upon thy belly shalt thou go, and dust shalt thou eat all
the days of thy life:
3:15 And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and
between thy seed and her seed; it shall bruise thy head,
and thou shalt bruise his heel.
3:16 Unto the woman he said, I will greatly multiply thy
sorrow and thy conception; in sorrow thou shalt bring forth children;
and thy desire shall be to thy husband, and he shall rule over thee.
3:17 And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto
the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded
thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed
is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days
of thy life;
3:18 Thorns also and thistles shall it bring forth to thee;
and thou shalt eat the herb of the field;
3:19 In the sweat of thy face shalt thou eat bread, till thou
return unto the ground; for out of it wast thou taken: for
dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return.
3:20 And Adam called his wife’s name Eve; because she was the
mother of all living.
3:21 Unto Adam also and to his wife did the LORD God make
coats of skins, and clothed them.
3:22 And the LORD God said, Behold,
the man has
become as one of us, to know good and evil:
and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life,
and eat, and live for ever:
3:23 Therefore the LORD God sent him forth from the garden of
Eden, to till the ground
from whence he was taken.
3:24 So he drove out the man; and he placed at the east of
the garden of Eden Cherubims, and a flaming sword which turned every
way, to keep the way of the tree of life.
ADAPPA AND THE FOOD OF LIFE – [from “Cuneiform Parallels to the Old Testament ” by R.W. Rogers, 1912].
[Summary: Adapa, or perhaps Adamu (or
adam), son of Ea, had recieved from his father, the god Ea,
wisdom, but not eternal life. He was a semi-divine being and was the
wise man and priest of the temple of Ea at Eridu, which he provided with
the ritual bread and water. In the exercise of this duty he carried on
fishing upon the Persian Gulf. When Adapa was fishing one day on a
smooth sea, the south wind rose suddenly and overturned his boat, so
that he was thrown into the sea. Angered by the mishap, he broke the
wings of the south wind so that for seven days it could not blow the
sea’s coolness over the hot land. Anu calls Adapa to account for this
misdeed, and his father Ea warns him as to what should befall him. He
tells him how to fool Tammuz and Gishzida, who will meet him at the gate
of heaven. Ea cautions him not to eat or drink anything in heaven, as Ea
fears that the food and drink of death will be set before Adapa.
However, the food and drink of eternal life are set before him instead,
and Adapa’s over-caution deprives him of immortality. He has to return
to Earth instead.]
He possessed intelligence . . . ,
His command like the command of Anu …
He (Ea) granted him a wide ear to reveal the destiny of the land,
He granted him wisdom, but he did not grant him eternal life.
In those davs, in those years the wise man of Eridu,
Ea had created him as chief among men,
A wise man whose command none should oppose,
The prudent, the most wise among the Anunnaki was he,
Blameless, of clean hands,
anointed, observer of the divine statutes,
With the bakers he made bread
With the bakers of Eridu, he made bread,
The food and the water for Eridu he made daily,
With his clean hands he prepared the table,
And without him the table was not cleared.
The ship he steered,
fishing and hunting for Eridu he did.
Then Adapa of Eridu
While Ea, … in the
chamber, upon the bed.
Daily the closing of
Eridu he attended to.
Upon the pure dam, the new moon dam)
he embarked upon the
The wind blew and his ship departed, With the oar,
he steered his ship Upon
the broad sea . . .
TABLET NO. 2
The south wind …. when
He had driven me to the house of my lord, I said,
O South wind, on the way I shall to thee … everything that,
Thy wing, will I break.” As be spoke with his mouth,
The wing of the South wind was broken, seven davs
The South wind blew not upon the land. Anu
Called to his messenger Ilabrat:
Why has the South wind not blown upon the land for seven days?
His messenger Ilabrat answered him: “My lord,
Adapa, the son of Ea, the wing of the South wind
When Anu heard these words
He cried, Help!” He ascended his throne,
“Let some one bring him,”
Likewise Ea, who knows the heaven. He roused him
TABLET NO. 3
“When heard that
In the anger of his heart
His messenger he sent.
He who knows the heart of the great gods
To King Ea to come,
To him, he caused words to be borne.
… to him, to King Ea.
He sent a messenger
With a wide ear, knowing the heart of the great gods,
… of the heavens be fixed.
A soiled garment he made him wear,
With a mourning garment he clad him,
TABLET NO. 2 – Continued…..
He garbed him, and gave him counsel
Saying: ” Adapa, before the face of Anu the King
thou art to go … to
When thou comest up, and when thou approachest
the door of Anu,
At the door of Anu, Tammuz and Gishzida are standing,
“they will see thee, they will ask thee; ‘Sir,’
For whose sake dost thou so appear, Adapa? For whom
Art thou clad in a mourning garment?’ ‘
In our country two gods
have vanished, therefore
Am I so.’ ‘Who are the two gods, who in the land
Have vanished?’ ‘Tammuz and Gishzida.’
They will look at one
Good words They will
speak to Anu.
A good countenance of Anu
They will show thee. When thou standest before Anu
Food of death they will set before thee,
Eat not. Water of death they will set before thee,
Drink not. Garments they will set before thee,
Put them on. Oil they will set before thee, anoint thyself.
The counsel that I have given thee, forget not. The words
Which I have spoken, hold fast.”
The messenger Of Anu
came: “Adapa has broken
The wing of the South wind. Bring him before me.”
The road to Heaven he
made him take, and to Heaven he ascended.
When he came to Heaven, when he approached the door of Anu,
At the door of Ann, Tammuz and Gisbzida are standing.
When they saw him, Adapa, they cried: ” Help,
Sir, for whom dost thou so appear? Adapa,
For whom art thou clad in a mourning garment?”
In the country two gods have vanished; therefore am I clad
In mourning garments.” “Who are the two gods, who
have vanished from the land?”
“Tammuz and Gishzida.” They looked at one another and
Were astonished. When Adapa before Anu, the King,
Drew near, and Anu saw him, he cried:
” Come hither, Adapa. Why hast thou broken the wings
Of the South wind? ” Adapa answered Ann: ” My lord,
For the house of my lord in the midst of the sea,
I was catching fish. The sea was like a mirror,
The South wind blew, and capsized me.
To the house of my lord was I driven. In the anger of my heart,
I took heed.” Tammuz and Gishzida
Answered … “art thou.” To Anu
They speak. He calmed himself, his heart was . . .
“Why has Ea revealed to impure mankind
The heart of heaven and earth? A heart
… has created within him, has made him a name?
What can we do with him? Food of life
Bring him, that be man, eat.”Food of life
They brought him, but he ate not. Water of life
They brought him, but he drank not. Garments They brought him; He