The Ultimate Quest For Knowledge…
  
  
  
MENU
Categories
POST CALENDAR
June 2018
M T W T F S S
« May    
 123
45678910
11121314151617
18192021222324
252627282930  
Random Posts
meditation

                           

THE
HOLY QUR’AN

 

    
The Qur’an
(Khoran)
admittedly occupies an important position among the
great religious books of the world. Though the youngest of the
epoch-making works belonging to this class of literature, it yields to
hardly any in the wonderful effect which it has produced on large masses
of men. It has created an all but new phase of human thought and a fresh
type of character. It first transformed a number of heterogeneous desert
tribes of the Arabian peninsula into a nation of heroes, and then
proceeded to create the vast politico-religious organizations of the
Muhammadean world which are one of the great
forces with which Europe and the East have to reckon to-day.

 The
secret of power exercised by the book, of course, lay in the mind which
produced it. It was, in fact, at first not a book, but a strong living
voice, a kind of wild authoritative proclamation, a series of
admonitions, promises, threats, and instructions addressed to turbulent
and largely hostile assemblies of untutored Arabs. As a book it was
published after the prophet’s death. In Muhammad’s life-time there were
only disjointed notes, speeches, and the retentive memories of those who
listened to them. To speak of the Koran is, therefore, practically the
same as speaking of Muhammad, and in trying to appraise the religious
value of the book one is at the same time attempting to form an opinion
of the prophet himself. It would indeed be difficult to find another
case in which there is such a complete identity between the literary
work and the mind of the man who produced it.

 On
the question of originality there can hardly be two opinions now that
the Koran has been thoroughly compared with the Christian and Jewish
traditions of the time; and it is, besides some original Arabian
legends, to those only that the book stands in any close relationship.
The matter is for the most part borrowed, but the manner is all the
prophet’s own. This is emphatically a case in which originality consists
not so much in the creation of new materials of thought as in the manner
in which existing traditions of various kinds are utilized and freshly
blended to suit the special exigencies of the occasion. Biblical
reminiscences, Rabbinic legends, Christian traditions mostly drawn from
distorted apocryphal sources, and native heathen stories, all first pass
through the prophet’s fervid mind, and thence issue in strange new
forms, tinged with poetry and enthusiasm, and well adapted to enforce
his own view of life and duty, to serve as an encouragement to his
faithful adherents, and to strike terror into the hearts of his
opponents.

 There
is, however, apart from its religious value, a more general view from
which the book should be considered. The Koran enjoys the distinction of
having been the starting-point of a new literary and philosophical
movement which has powerfully affected the finest and most cultivated
minds among both Jews and Christians in the Middle Ages. This general
progress of the Muhammadean world has somehow
been arrested, but research has shown that what European scholars knew
of Greek philosophy, of mathematics, astronomy, and like sciences, for
several centuries before the Renaissance, was, roughly speaking, all
derived from Latin treatises ultimately based on Arabic originals; and
it was the Koran which, though indirectly, gave the first impetus to
these studies among the Arabs and their allies. Linguistic
investigations, poetry, and other branches of literature, also made
their appearance soon after or simultaneously with the publication of
the Koran; and the literary movement thus initiated has resulted in some
of the finest products of genius and learning.

 


 History

The scattered fragments of the Koran
were in the first instance collected by his immediate successor Abu Bekr,
about a year after the Prophet’s death, at the suggestion of Omar, who
foresaw that, as the Muslim warriors, whose memories were the sole
depositaries of large portions of the revelations, died off or were
slain, as had been the case with many in the battle of Yemƒma, A.H. 12,
the loss of the greater part, or even of the whole, was imminent. Zaid
Ibn Thƒbit, a native of Medina, and one of the Ansars, or helpers, who
had been Muhammad’s amanuensis, was the person fixed upon to carry out
the task, and we are told that he “gathered together” the fragments of
the Koran from every quarter, “from date leaves and tablets of white
stone, and from the breasts of men.” The copy thus formed by Zaid
probably remained in the possession of Abu Bekr during the remainder of
his brief caliphate, who committed it to the custody of Haphsa, one of
Muhammad’s widows, and this text continued during the ten years of
Omar’s caliphate to be the standard.

 In the copies made from it,
various readings naturally and necessarily sprung up; and these, under
the caliphate of Othman, led to such serious disputes between the
faithful, that it became necessary to interpose, and in accordance with
the warning of Hodzeifa, “to stop the people, before they should differ
regarding their scriptures, as did the Jews and Christians.” In
accordance with this advice, Othman determined to establish a text which
should be the sole standard, and entrusted the redaction to the Zaid
already mentioned, with whom he associated as colleagues, three,
according to others, twelve of the Koreisch, in order to secure the
purity of that Meccan idiom in which Muhammad had spoken, should any
occasions arise in which the collators might have to decide upon various
readings. Copies of the text formed were thus forwarded to several of
the chief military stations in the new empire, and all previously
existing copies were committed to the flames.

Zaid and his coadjutors, however, do
not appear to have arranged the materials which came into their hands
upon any system more definite than that of placing the longest and best
known Suras first, immediately after the Fatthah, or opening chapter
(the eighth in this edition); although even this rule, artless and
unscientific as it is, has not been adhered to with strictness. Anything
approaching to a chronological arrangement was entirely lost sight of.
Late Medina Suras are often placed before early Meccan Suras; the short
Suras at the end of the Koran are its earliest portions; while, as will
be seen from the notes, verses of Meccan origin are to be found embedded
in Medina Suras, and verses promulgated at Medina scattered up and down in
the Meccan Suras.

 It would seem as if Zaid had to
a great extent put his materials together just as they came to hand, and
often with entire disregard to continuity of subject and uniformity of
style. The text, therefore, as hitherto arranged, necessarily assumes
the form of a most unreadable and incongruous patchwork; “une
assemblage,” says M. Kasimirski in his Preface, “informe et incoh’rent
de pr’ceptes moraux, religieux, civils et politiques, mˆl’s
d’exhortations, de promesses, et de menaces” and conveys no idea
whatever of the development and growth of any plan in the mind of the
founder of Islam, or of the circumstances by which he was surrounded and
influenced.

 It is true that the manner in
which Zaid contented himself with simply bringing together his materials
and transcribing them, without any attempt to mould them into shape or
sequence, and without any effort to supply connecting links between
adjacent verses, to fill up obvious chasms, or to suppress details of a
nature discreditable to the founder of Islam, proves his scrupulous
honesty as a compiler, as well as his reverence for the sacred text, and
to a certain extent guarantees the genuineness and authenticity of the
entire volume.  But it is deeply to be regretted that he did not combine
some measure of historical criticism with that simplicity and honesty of
purpose which forbade him, as it certainly did, in any way to tamper
with the sacred text, to suppress contradictory, and exclude or soften
down inaccurate, statements.

 

 

 

 


Comments &
Translation By Project GuttenBerg
Foundation

Incoming search terms:

jonathan-livingston-seagull.jpg Jonathan Livingston Seagull
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , ,
Jonathan is sick and tired of the boring life in his sea-gull clan. He rather experiments with new, always more daring flying techniques. Since he doesn't fit in, the elders expel him from the clan. So he sets out to discover the world beyond the horizon in quest for wisdom.… ∞
camp-manna.jpg Camp Manna
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
A stylistic throwback to the summer camp films of the 80’s and 90’s, Camp Manna is the story of a Christian camp turned upside-down by the arrival of the wayward “new kid”, Ian Fletcher. After a tragic accident, Ian Fletcher, a 15-year old Floridian, moves far north to live with… ∞
Thumbnail Fearless Meditation
in life, meditation, Uncategorized
as , , ,
Fearless Meditation. http://www.youtube.com/v/LzzO0ePadfA?version=3&f=videos&app=youtube_gdata Original post: Fearless Meditation
Thumbnail Meditation – Then and Now
in meditation, People & Blogs, Uncategorized, what
as ,
Meditation - Then and Now : Find answers to all questions like What is meditation? Where did it come from? What can it do for you? http://www.youtube.com/v/xRMf4z8Cs8s?version=3&f=videos&app=youtube_gdata See the original post here: Meditation - Then and Now
the-journey-of-natty-gann.jpg The Journey of Natty Gann
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , , , ,
America is in the depths of the Great Depression. Families drift apart when faraway jobs beckon. In this masterful, atmospheric adventure, a courageous young girl (Meredith Salenger) confronts overwhelming odds when she embarks on a cross-country search for her father. During her extraordinary odyssey, she forms a close bond with… ∞
sgt-kabukiman-n-y-p-d.jpg Sgt. Kabukiman N.Y.P.D.
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
Harry Griswald is a New York City cop who is possessed by the spirit of a powerful Kabuki master. This makes him "The Chosen One" to battle "The Evil One" when he comes to take over the world. He must stop "The Evil One" while taking out the bad guys.… ∞
a-life-in-waves.jpg A Life in Waves
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
If you watched TV, went to the movies, or listened to the radio in the 80s and 90s, you heard Suzanne Ciani's work. A five-time Grammy nominated composer, recording artist, and electronic music pioneer, whose sounds have been featured in countless commercials, video games, and feature films. A LIFE IN… ∞
Thumbnail Relaxing Meditation Music with Ocean Views 2 ½ Hours of Tranquility
in cia, meditate, meditation, Music, off, relaxation
as , , , , , , , ,
Relaxing meditation music with ocean views, soothing tracks Official LoungeV Studio site: ? http://www.LoungeV.com ? Enjoy 2 hours of pure, natural meditatio... http://www.youtube.com/v/ln96IDWdrEQ?version=3&f=videos&app=youtube_gdata More here: Relaxing Meditation Music with Ocean Views 2 ½ Hours of Tranquility
Thumbnail Dhyana Yoga — Meditation
in Education, meditation, Tone, Uncategorized
as , , ,
A discourse on meditation. Common pitfalls, milestones and essence of meditation. http://www.youtube.com/v/SLsIRGGMYkk?version=3&f=videos&app=youtube_gdata Excerpt from: Dhyana Yoga -- Meditation
robot-and-frank.jpg Robot And Frank
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , ,
Set in the near future, Frank, a retired cat burglar, has two grown kids who are concerned he can no longer live alone. They are tempted to place him in a nursing home until Frank's son chooses a different option: against the old man's wishes, he buys Frank a walking,… ∞
Thumbnail 3 hours of Meditation Music | Yoga Music
in meditate, meditation, Music, peace, relaxation, spirituality, yoga
as , , , , , ,
Over 3 hours of meditation music and music for yoga. Very peaceful and tranquil music for meditation or just chillout and relax for a few hours http://www.youtube.com/v/suW_Fhv9wPU?version=3&f=videos&app=youtube_gdata See the article here: 3 hours of Meditation Music | Yoga Music
the-beatles-a-celebration.jpg The Beatles: A Celebration
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , ,
A visual and cultural history of the Beatles. Packed with dozens of never before seen film clips, ultra rare photographs and exclusive interviews, John, Paul, George and Ringo come alive in this intelligent, compelling, inside glimpse into the inner-circle of the greatest music group ever. Included in this all-star production… ∞
midnight-cowboy.jpg Midnight Cowboy
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , , , , , , ,
This Academy Award-winning Best Picture features Dustin Hoffman and Jon Voight in standout roles as a con man and a Texas hustler trying to survive on the tough streets of New York. source
dave.jpg Dave
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Just who runs this country anyway? For comedy fans, the answer is - Dave. KEVIN KLINE (A Fish Called Wanda, In & Out) and SIGOURNEY WEAVER (Working Girl, Ghostbusters) star in this box-office winner about an uncanny Presidential lookalike named Dave, who's recruited by the Secret Service to become a… ∞
the-nature-of-existence.jpg The Nature Of Existence
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Indian holy man Sri Sri Ravi Shankar (The Art of Living), evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins (The God Delusion), 24th generation Chinese Taoist Master Zhang Chengda, Stanford physicist Leonard Susskind (co-discoverer of string theory), wrestler Rob Adonis (founder of Ultimate Christian Wrestling), confrontational evangelist Brother Jed Smock, novelist Orson Scott Card… ∞
the-possession-of-michael-king.jpg The Possession of Michael King
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Michael King (Shane Johnson of TV’s CRIMINAL MINDS) doesn’t believe in God or the devil. Following the sudden death of his wife, the atheist documentary filmmaker decides his next film will disprove the existence of the supernatural. Michael allows demonologists to perform their darkest rituals on him knowing that when… ∞
the-feels.jpg The Feels
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
Andi (Constance Wu) and Lu (Angela Trimbur) are excited to celebrate their upcoming wedding with a joint bachelorette weekend in wine country. On the first night, the brides and their friends get wasted, and Lu admits to everyone that she’s never had an orgasm. This admission comes as a complete… ∞
Thumbnail Spontaneous Dancing Body & Mind Meditation
in book, free, meditation
as , , , , , , , , ,
Grab Your Free Strength Book: http://www.strengthcamponline.com/fourlayers/ Sign Up For Elliott's Newsletter http://hulsestrength.com/go/youtube Elliott's Other Channel: http://www.youtube.com/us... http://www.youtube.com/v/cRfsuBcJvtQ?version=3&f=videos&app=youtube_gdata The rest is here: Spontaneous Dancing Body & Mind Meditation
the-skin-i-live-in-subtitles.jpg The Skin I Live In (Subtitles)
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , , ,
A gifted plastic surgeon (Antonio Banderas) exacts revenge on the young man who assaulted his daughter. A shocking tale of retribution and obsession from Oscar-winning filmmaker Pedro Almodovar. (Original TItle - The Skin I Live In) © 2011 El Deseo D.A., S.L.U. All Rights Reserved. source
Thumbnail Finding Love Meditation – Release Subconscious Beliefs to Meet Your True Love
in love, meditate, meditation, People & Blogs, relaxation, spirituality
as , , , ,
Download here: http://www.rashanasoundessences.com/meditations/finding-love-meditation/ Personal Sessions: http://www.rashanasoundessences.com/channeling/ Fa... http://www.youtube.com/v/mUmKBoGYT_o?version=3&f=videos&app=youtube_gdata Visit link: Finding Love Meditation - Release Subconscious Beliefs to Meet Your True Love
Thumbnail 3 hours of Meditation Music | Yoga Music
in meditate, meditation, Music, peace, relaxation, spirituality, yoga
as , , , , , ,
Over 3 hours of meditation music and music for yoga. Very peaceful and tranquil music for meditation or just chillout and relax for a few hours http://www.youtube.com/v/suW_Fhv9wPU?version=3&f=videos&app=youtube_gdata See the article here: 3 hours of Meditation Music | Yoga Music
the-beatles-a-celebration.jpg The Beatles: A Celebration
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , ,
A visual and cultural history of the Beatles. Packed with dozens of never before seen film clips, ultra rare photographs and exclusive interviews, John, Paul, George and Ringo come alive in this intelligent, compelling, inside glimpse into the inner-circle of the greatest music group ever. Included in this all-star production… ∞
midnight-cowboy.jpg Midnight Cowboy
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , , , , , , ,
This Academy Award-winning Best Picture features Dustin Hoffman and Jon Voight in standout roles as a con man and a Texas hustler trying to survive on the tough streets of New York. source
Thumbnail Tibetan Singing Bowl Meditation: Session 51
in People & Blogs, sleep, Uncategorized
as , , , ,
Website/Blog: www.seeyouinsleep.com Sit Back, Relax + Listen http://www.youtube.com/v/uN2HfbehaIQ?version=3&f=videos&app=youtube_gdata See original here: Tibetan Singing Bowl Meditation: Session 51
dave.jpg Dave
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Just who runs this country anyway? For comedy fans, the answer is - Dave. KEVIN KLINE (A Fish Called Wanda, In & Out) and SIGOURNEY WEAVER (Working Girl, Ghostbusters) star in this box-office winner about an uncanny Presidential lookalike named Dave, who's recruited by the Secret Service to become a… ∞
the-nature-of-existence.jpg The Nature Of Existence
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Indian holy man Sri Sri Ravi Shankar (The Art of Living), evolutionary biologist Richard Dawkins (The God Delusion), 24th generation Chinese Taoist Master Zhang Chengda, Stanford physicist Leonard Susskind (co-discoverer of string theory), wrestler Rob Adonis (founder of Ultimate Christian Wrestling), confrontational evangelist Brother Jed Smock, novelist Orson Scott Card… ∞
the-possession-of-michael-king.jpg The Possession of Michael King
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
Michael King (Shane Johnson of TV’s CRIMINAL MINDS) doesn’t believe in God or the devil. Following the sudden death of his wife, the atheist documentary filmmaker decides his next film will disprove the existence of the supernatural. Michael allows demonologists to perform their darkest rituals on him knowing that when… ∞
the-feels.jpg The Feels
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
Andi (Constance Wu) and Lu (Angela Trimbur) are excited to celebrate their upcoming wedding with a joint bachelorette weekend in wine country. On the first night, the brides and their friends get wasted, and Lu admits to everyone that she’s never had an orgasm. This admission comes as a complete… ∞
the-skin-i-live-in-subtitles.jpg The Skin I Live In (Subtitles)
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , , ,
A gifted plastic surgeon (Antonio Banderas) exacts revenge on the young man who assaulted his daughter. A shocking tale of retribution and obsession from Oscar-winning filmmaker Pedro Almodovar. (Original TItle - The Skin I Live In) © 2011 El Deseo D.A., S.L.U. All Rights Reserved. source
Thumbnail Finding Love Meditation – Release Subconscious Beliefs to Meet Your True Love
in love, meditate, meditation, People & Blogs, relaxation, spirituality
as , , , ,
Download here: http://www.rashanasoundessences.com/meditations/finding-love-meditation/ Personal Sessions: http://www.rashanasoundessences.com/channeling/ Fa... http://www.youtube.com/v/mUmKBoGYT_o?version=3&f=videos&app=youtube_gdata Visit link: Finding Love Meditation - Release Subconscious Beliefs to Meet Your True Love
parables-of-war.jpg Parables Of War
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , , , , ,
Dance, documentary, and drama. All converge in Parables of War in a meditation exploring the timeless question: can civilization bind the wounds of war? source
Thumbnail Cosmic Connections: Jupiter Meditation for Prosperity
in aura, binaural, Ching, Consciousness, Full, Music, relaxation, ritual, spirit, spiritual, spirituality, video
as , , , , , , , , , ,
Please Subscribe for the Only Binaural Channel exclusively featuring FULL LENGTH VIDEOS Jupiter is known for good luck, spiritual teachings, higher knowledge and success. It represents growth,... http://www.youtube.com/v/G-PviObDGUY?version=3&f=videos&app=youtube_gdata Read more from the original source: Cosmic Connections: Jupiter Meditation for Prosperity
roger-me.jpg Roger & Me
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , , ,
Voted Best Documentary of the year by The National Board of Review, The National Society of Film Critics, The New York Film Critics Circle, and the Los Angeles Film Critics Circle, this is a highly personal, wryly humorous look at the closing of several General Motors plants in Flint, Michigan,… ∞
a-patch-of-blue.jpg A Patch of Blue
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , , ,
Elizabeth Hartman ("The Fixer") is a warm-hearted impovershed blind girl who falls in love with a black man and refuses to make an issue of their racial differences. Poignant and touching Oscar-nominated romantic drama co-stars Oscar-winner Sidney Poitier ("In the Heat of the Night," "Guess Who's Coming to Dinner"). Hartman… ∞
healing-the-mind-ayurveda-and-western-psychiatry.jpg Healing the Mind: Ayurveda and Western Psychiatry
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as , , ,
With the acceleration in the speed and volume of experience we live on a daily basis we have seen a similar acceleration in the amount of depression, anxiety, ADHD and other mood disorders. Many have turned to medication looking for relief. The use of anti-depressants alone has increased nearly 400%… ∞
the-ashram.jpg The Ashram
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
After receiving a cryptic message, American skeptic Jamie journeys deep into the Indian Himalayas to pick up on the trail of his girlfriend who has disappeared. There, he discovers a secretive community led by a guru with strange and mystical powers who may or may not be involved in her… ∞
heal.jpg Heal
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
Director Kelly Noonan Gores' documentary takes us on a scientific and spiritual journey where we discover that our thoughts, beliefs, and emotions have a huge impact on our health and ability to heal. The latest science reveals that we are not victims of unchangeable genes, nor should we buy into… ∞
Thumbnail Global Sadhana Meditation: Touch Every Heart with Gurunam Singh
in Day, Full, Music, power, Uncategorized
as , , ,
SCROLL DOWN FOR THE FULL MANTRA! Join us for this powerful 40 Day Global Sadhana: Touch Every Heart with Gurunam Singh! Originally taught by Yogi Bhajan... http://www.youtube.com/v/qk3Sz_p0bbk?version=3&f=videos&app=youtube_gdata View post: Global Sadhana Meditation: Touch Every Heart with Gurunam Singh
dying-to-know-ram-dass-timothy-leary.jpg Dying to Know: Ram Dass & Timothy Leary
in body, Consciousness, divine, meditate, meditation, mind, Music, peace, relaxation, Relaxing, spiritual
as ,
Dying to Know: Ram Dass & Timothy Leary is an intimate portrait celebrating two very complex, controversial characters in an epic friendship that shaped a generation. In the early 1960’s, Harvard Psychology Professors Timothy Leary and Richard Alpert began probing the edges of consciousness through their experiments with psychedelics. Dr.… ∞