of the Archons
(Reality of the Rulers)
to=”489.75pt,5.25pt” mso:allowincell=”f” strokecolor=”#d4d4d4″ strokeweight=”1.75pt”>
On account of
the reality of the authorities, (inspired) by the spirit of the
father of truth, the great apostle – referring to the
“authorities of the darkness” – told us that “our contest is not
against flesh and blood; rather, the authorities of the universe
and the spirits of wickedness.” I have sent this (to you)
because you inquire about the reality of the authorities.
Their chief is
blind; because of his power and his ignorance and his arrogance
he said, with his power, “It is I who am God; there is none
apart from me.” When he said this, he sinned against the
entirety. And this speech got up to incorruptibility; then there
was a voice that came forth from incorruptibility, saying, “You
are mistaken, Samael” – which is, “god of the blind.”
His thoughts became
blind. And, having expelled his power – that is, the blasphemy
he had spoken – he pursued it down to chaos and the abyss, his
mother, at the instigation of Pistis Sophia. And she established
each of his offspring in conformity with its power – after the
pattern of the realms that are above, for by starting from the
invisible world the visible world was invented.
looked down into the region of the waters, her image appeared in
the waters; and the authorities of the darkness became enamored
of her. But they could not lay hold of that image, which had
appeared to them in the waters, because of their weakness –
since beings that merely possess a soul cannot lay hold of those
that possess a spirit – for they were from below, while it was
from above. This is the reason why “incorruptibility looked down
into the region (etc.)”: so that, by the father’s will, she
might bring the entirety into union with the light.
The rulers laid
plans and said, “Come, let us create a man that will be soil
from the earth.” They modeled their creature as one wholly of
the earth. Now the rulers […] body […] they have […]
female […] is […] with the face of a beast. They had taken
some soil from the earth and modeled their man after their body
and after the image of God that had appeared to them in the
waters. They said, “Come, let us lay hold of it by means of the
form that we have modeled, so that it may see its male
counterpart […], and we may seize it with the form that we
have modeled” – not understanding the force of God, because of
their powerlessness. And he breathed into his face; and the man
came to have a soul (and remained) upon the ground many days.
But they could not make him arise because of their
powerlessness. Like storm winds they persisted (in blowing),
that they might try to capture that image, which had appeared to
them in the waters. And they did not know the identity of its
Now all these things
came to pass by the will of the father of the entirety.
Afterwards, the spirit saw the soul-endowed man upon the ground.
And the spirit came forth from the Adamantine Land; it descended
and came to dwell within him, and that man became a living soul.
It called his name Adam, since he was found moving upon the
ground. A voice came forth from incorruptibility for the
assistance of Adam; and the rulers gathered together all the
animals of the earth and all the birds of heaven and brought
them in to Adam to see what Adam would call them, that he might
give a name to each of the birds and all the beasts.
They took Adam and
put him the garden, that he might cultivate it and keep watch
over it. And the rulers issued a command to him, saying, “From
every tree in the garden shall you eat; yet from the tree of
recognizing good and evil do not eat, nor touch it; for the day
you eat from it, with death you are going to die.”
They […] this.
They do not understand what they have said to him; rather, by
the father’s will, they said this in such a way that he might
(in fact) eat, and that Adam might <not> regard them as would a
man of an exclusively material nature.
The rulers took
counsel with one another and said, “Come, let us cause a deep
sleep to fall upon Adam.” And he slept. – Now the deep sleep
that they “caused to fall upon him, and he slept” is Ignorance.
– They opened his side like a living woman. And they built up
his side with some flesh in place of her, and Adam came to be
endowed only with soul.
spirit-endowed woman came to him and spoke with him, saying,
“Arise, Adam.” And when he saw her, he said, “It is you who have
given me life; you will be called ‘mother of the living’. – For
it is she who is my mother. It is she who is the physician, and
the woman, and she who has given birth.”
Then the authorities
came up to their Adam. And when they saw his female counterpart
speaking with him, they became agitated with great agitation;
and they became enamored of her. They said to one another,
“Come, let us sow our seed in her,” and they pursued her. And
she laughed at them for their witlessness and their blindness;
and in their clutches she became a tree, and left before them
her shadowy reflection resembling herself; and they defiled it
foully. – And they defiled the stamp of her voice, so that by
the form they had modeled, together with their (own) image, they
made themselves liable to condemnation.
Then the female
spiritual principle came in the snake, the instructor; and it
taught them, saying, “What did he say to you? Was it, ‘From
every tree in the garden shall you eat; yet – from the tree of
recognizing good and evil do not eat’?”
The carnal woman said, “Not only did he say ‘Do not eat’, but
even ‘Do not touch it; for the day you eat from it, with death
you are going to die.'”
And the snake, the instructor, said, “With death you shall not
die; for it was out of jealousy that he said this to you. Rather
your eyes shall open and you shall come to be like gods,
recognizing evil and good.” And the female instructing principle
was taken away from the snake, and she left it behind, merely a
thing of the earth.
And the carnal woman took from the tree and ate; and she gave to
her husband as well as herself; and these beings that possessed
only a soul, ate. And their imperfection became apparent in
their lack of knowledge; and they recognized that they were
naked of the spiritual element, and took fig leaves and bound
them upon their loins.
Then the chief ruler
came; and he said, “Adam! Where are you?” – for he did not
understand what had happened. And Adam said, “I heard your voice
and was afraid because I was naked; and I hid.”
The ruler said, “Why did you hide, unless it is because you have
eaten from the tree from which alone I commanded you not to eat?
And you have eaten!”
Adam said, “The woman that you gave me, she gave to me and I
ate.” And the arrogant ruler cursed the woman.
The woman said, “It was the snake that led me astray and I ate.”
They turned to the snake and cursed its shadowy reflection,
[…] powerless, not comprehending that it was a form they
themselves had modeled. From that day, the snake came to be
under the curse of the authorities; until the all-powerful man
was to come, that curse fell upon the snake.
They turned to their
Adam and took him and expelled him from the garden along with
his wife; for they have no blessing, since they too are beneath
the curse. Moreover, they threw mankind into great distraction
and into a life of toil, so that their mankind might be occupied
by worldly affairs, and might not have the opportunity of being
devoted to the holy spirit.
Now afterwards, she
bore Cain, their son; and Cain cultivated the land. Thereupon he
knew his wife; again becoming pregnant, she bore Abel; and Abel
was a herdsman of sheep. Now Cain brought in from the crops of
his field, but Abel brought in an offering (from) among his
lambs. God looked upon the votive offerings of Abel; but he did
not accept the votive offerings of Cain. And carnal Cain pursued
Abel, his brother.
And God said to
Cain, “Where is Abel, your brother?”
He answered saying, “Am I, then, my brother’s keeper?”
God said to Cain, “Listen! The voice of your brother’s blood is
crying up to me! You have sinned with your mouth. It will return
to you: anyone who kills Cain will let loose seven vengeances,
and you will exist groaning and trembling upon the earth.”
And Adam knew his
female counterpart Eve, and she became pregnant, and bore Seth
to Adam. And she said, “I have borne another man through God, in
place of Abel.” Again Eve became pregnant, and she bore Norea.
And she said, “He has begotten on me a virgin as an assistance
for many generations of mankind.” She is the virgin whom the
forces did not defile.
Then mankind began
to multiply and improve. The rulers took counsel with one
another and said, “Come, let us cause a deluge with our hands
and obliterate all flesh, from man to beast.” But when the ruler
of the forces came to know of their decision, he said to Noah,
“Make yourself an ark from some wood that does not rot and hide
in it – you and your children and the beasts and the birds of
heaven from small to large – and set it upon Mount Sir.”
Then Orea came to
him, wanting to board the ark. And when he would not let her,
she blew upon the ark and caused it to be consumed by fire.
Again he made the ark, for a second time.
The rulers went to
meet her, intending to lead her astray. Their supreme chief said
to her, “Your mother Eve came to us.” But Norea turned to them
and said to them, “It is you who are the rulers of the darkness;
you are accursed. And you did not know my mother; instead it was
your female counterpart that you knew. For I am not your
descendant; rather it is from the world above that I am come.”
The arrogant ruler
turned, with all his might, and his countenance came to be like
(a) black […]; he said to her presumptuously, “You must render
service to us, as did also your mother Eve; for I have been
given […].” But Norea turned, with the might of […]; and in
a loud voice, she cried out up to the holy one, the God of the
entirety, “Rescue me from the rulers of unrighteousness and save
me from their clutches – forthwith!”
The <great> angel
came down from the heavens and said to her, “Why are you crying
up to God? Why do you act so boldly towards the holy spirit?”
Norea said, “Who are you?” The rulers of unrighteousness had
withdrawn from her.
He said, “It is I who am Eleleth, sagacity, the great angel who
stands in the presence of the holy spirit. I have been sent to
speak with you and save you from the grasp of the lawless. And I
shall teach you about your root.”
now speaking) Now as for that angel, I cannot speak of his
power: his appearance is like fine gold and his raiment is like
snow. No, truly, my mouth cannot bear to speak of his power and
the appearance of his face!
Eleleth, the great
angel, spoke to me. “It is I,” he said, “who am understanding. I
am one of the four light-givers, who stand in the presence of
the great invisible spirit. Do you think these rulers have any
power over you? None of them can prevail against the root of
truth; for on its account he appeared in the final ages; and
these authorities will be restrained. And these authorities
cannot defile you and that generation; for your abode is in
incorruptibility, where the virgin spirit dwells, who is
superior to the authorities of chaos and to their universe.”
But I said, “Sir,
teach me about the faculty of these authorities – how did they
come into being, and by what kind of genesis, and of what
material, and who created them and their force?”
And the great angel
Eleleth, understanding, spoke to me: “Within limitless realms
dwells incorruptibility. Sophia, who is called Pistis, wanted to
create something, alone without her consort; and her product was
a celestial thing. A veil exists between the world above and the
realms that are below; and shadow came into being beneath the
veil; and that shadow became matter; and that shadow was
projected apart. And what she had created became a product in
the matter, like an aborted fetus. And it assumed a plastic form
molded out of shadow, and became an arrogant beast resembling a
lion. It was androgynous, as I have already said, because it was
from matter that it derived.
Opening his eyes, he
saw a vast quantity of matter without limit; and he became
arrogant, saying, “It is I who am God, and there is none other
apart from me”. When he said this, he sinned against the
entirety. And a voice came forth from above the realm of
absolute power, saying, “You are mistaken, Samael” – which is,
‘god of the blind’.
And he said, “If any
other thing exists before me, let it become visible to me!” And
immediately Sophia stretched forth her finger and introduced
light into matter; and she pursued it down to the region of
chaos. And she returned up to her light; once again darkness
This ruler, by being
androgynous, made himself a vast realm, an extent without limit.
And he contemplated creating offspring for himself, and created
for himself seven offspring, androgynous just like their parent.
And he said to his offspring, “It is I who am god of the
And Zoe (Life), the
daughter of Pistis Sophia, cried out and said to him, “You are
mistaken, Sakla!” – for which the alternative name is Yaltabaoth.
She breathed into his face, and her breath became a fiery angel
for her; and that angel bound Yaldabaoth and cast him down into
Tartaros below the abyss.
Now when his
offspring Sabaoth saw the force of that angel, he repented and
condemned his father and his mother, matter. He loathed her, but
he sang songs of praise up to Sophia and her daughter Zoe. And
Sophia and Zoe caught him up and gave him charge of the seventh
heaven, below the veil between above and below. And he is called
‘God of the forces, Sabaoth’, since he is up above the forces of
chaos, for Sophia established him.
Now when these
(events) had come to pass, he made himself a huge four-faced
chariot of cherubim, and infinitely many angels to act as
ministers, and also harps and lyres. And Sophia took her
daughter Zoe and had her sit upon his right to teach him about
the things that exist in the eighth (heaven); and the angel of
wrath she placed upon his left. Since that day, his right has
been called ‘life’; and the left has come to represent the
unrighteousness of the realm of absolute power above. It was
before your time that they came into being.
Now when Yaldabaoth
saw him (Sabaoth) in this great splendor and at this height, he
envied him; and the envy became an androgynous product, and this
was the origin of envy. And envy engendered death; and death
engendered his offspring and gave each of them charge of its
heaven; and all the heavens of chaos became full of their
multitudes. But it was by the will of the father of the entirety
that they all came into being – after the pattern of all the
things above – so that the sum of chaos might be attained.
“There, I have
taught you about the pattern of the rulers; and the matter in
which it was expressed; and their parent; and their universe.”
But I said, “Sir, am
I also from their matter?”
“You, together with your offspring, are from the primeval
father; from above, out of the imperishable light, their souls
are come. Thus the authorities cannot approach them, because of
the spirit of truth present within them; and all who have become
acquainted with this way exist deathless in the midst of dying
mankind. Still, that sown element will not become known now.
Instead, after three generations it will come to be known, and
it has freed them from the bondage of the authorities’ error.”
Then I said, “Sir,
how much longer?”
He said to me, “Until the moment when the true man, within a
modeled form, reveals the existence of the spirit of truth,
which the father has sent.
Then he will teach them about everything, and he will anoint
them with the unction of life eternal, given him from the
Then they will be freed of blind thought, and they will trample
underfoot death, which is of the authorities, and they will
ascend into the limitless light where this sown element belongs.
Then the authorities will relinquish their ages, and their
angels will weep over their destruction, and their demons will
lament their death.
Then all the children of the light will be truly acquainted with
the truth and their root, and the father of the entirety and the
holy spirit. They will all say with a single voice, ‘The
father’s truth is just, and the son presides over the entirety”,
and from everyone unto the ages of ages, “Holy – holy – holy!
Nag Hammadi Library
Creation Account From Ashur ( Sumerian)
A holy house, a house of the gods, in a holy place had not been
No reed had spring up, no tree had been created.
No brick had been made, no foundation had been built,
No house had been constructed, no city had been built;
No city had been built, thrones had not been established:
Nippur had not been constructed, Ekur had not been built;
Erech had not been constructed, Eanna had not been built;
The deep had not been formed, Eridu had not been built;
The holy house, the house of the gods, the dwelling had not been
All lands were sea,–
Then in the midst of the sea was a water-course;
In those days Eridu was constructed, Esagila was built,
Esagila where, in the midst of the deep, the god Lugal-dul-azaga
(Babylon was made, Esagila was completed_.
The gods and the Anunaki he made at one time.
(The holy city, the dwelling of their hearts’ desire, they named
Marduk bound a structure of reeds upon the face of the waters,
He formed dust, he poured it out beside the reed-structure.
To cause the gods to dwell in the habitation of their heart’s
He formed mankind.
the goddess Aruru with him created mankind,
Cattle of the field, in whom is breath of life, he created.
He formed the Tigris and Euphrates and set them in their places,
Their names he did well declare.
The grass, marsh-grass, the reed and brushwood (?) he created,
The green grass of the field he created,
The land, the marshes, and the swamps;
The wild cow and her young, the wild calf; the ewe and her
yhoung, the lamb of the fold;
Gardens and forests;
The wild goat, the mountain goat, (who) care for himself (?).
The lord Marduk filled a terrace by the seaside,
…….a marsh, reeds he set,
………..he caused to exist.
[Reeds he creat]ed; trees he created;
In their…..in their place he made;
[Bricks he laid, a founda]tion he constructed;
[Houses he made], a city he built;
[A city he built, a throne] he established;
[Nippur he constructed], Ekur he built;
[Erech he constructed], Eanna he built.
Line 21 states that Marduk and the goddess Aruru created. In
another, it was just Aruru:
The godess Aruru, when she heard this,
A man like Anu she formed in her heart.
Aruru washed her hands;
Clay she pinched off and spat upon it;
a hero she created,
An exalted offspring, with the might of Ninib.
Based upon George Barton‘s
‘Archaeology and the Bible‘,
7th Edition, p. 303-305